Lactosylceramides, bovine buttermilk

CATALOG # 1507
Amount 5 mg
Price $300.00
Qty
 
Lactosylceramide
  • Catalog #:1507
  • Scientific Name:Lactosylceramides
  • Common Name:LC; Lactocerebrosides; CDH; Ceramide beta-lactoside
  • Empirical Formula:C53H101NO13 (tricosanoyl) Typical fatty acid content
  • CAS#4682-48-8
  • SDSView Safety Data Sheet
  • Data Sheet:View Data Sheet
  • Formula Weight:960 (tricosanoyl)
  • Unit:5 mg
  • Solvent:none
  • Source:natural
  • Purity:98+%
  • Analytical Methods:TLC; identity confirmed by MS
  • Natural Source:bovine buttermilk
  • Solubility:chloroform/methanol/DI water, 5:1:0.1
  • Physical Appearance:solid
  • Storage:-20°C
  • Dry Ice:No
  • Hazardous:No
  • Literature References:Application Notes:

    Lactosylceramide is the precursor of many other glycosphingolipids and also functions as a second messenger and protein receptor, making it a very important organic molecule. Many cellular processes are dependent on lactosylceramide since it is the substrate for neutral oligoglycosylceramides, sulfatides and gangliosides, all of which have their own vital functions. Lactosylceramide also helps to stabilize the lipid membrane, activate receptor molecules and acts as a receptor for certain bacteria and toxins. In animals, where it is found mostly in epithelial and neuronal cells, it is expressed on neutrophils and macrophages where it binds to toxins and bacteria, which are then engulfed and eliminated. Its role as a second messenger has been found to be vital and dysfunctions in its processes can lead to cancer and inflammation since it is critical to neutrophil activity and in activating anti-inflammatory responses.1 Therefore, it is being studied for its use in cancer therapies and as a therapy for other diseases. Other examples of lactosylceramide second messenger functions are tumor necrosis factor alpha and platelet-derived growth factor. A deficiency in the enzyme responsible for hydrolyzing the galactose of lactosylceramide leads to lactosylceramidosis, which is characterized by an accumulation of lactosylceramide that causes a primary neurological disorder.2 Lactosylceramide is also important in the activation of platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 which causes adhesion and diapedesis of monocytes/lymphocytes.3

    References:
    1. R. Pannu et al., Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 280 pp. 13742-13751, 2005
    2. G. Dawson, Journal of Lipid Research, Vol. 13 pp. 207-219, 1972
    3. N. Gong, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101:17 pp. 6490-6495, 2004